Learning how to play the notes on a ukulele is as important as grasping the basics such as how to hold the ukulele, what the chords are, and how to strum the strings. When you learn to play the notes simultaneously you’ll have a better understanding of the chords that you are learning theoretically.
It’s pertinent that you get the individual notes right before you move on to tough or even simple chords. In this article, we will teach you everything you need to know about ukulele notes such as how to tune the ukulele, how the chromatic scale comes to use when learning notes, as well what the basic chords are.
How To Tune A Ukulele
Tuning a Ukulele correctly has a significant effect on how the strings of the musical instrument will function. The easiest way to do so especially for beginners is standard tuning. The standard tuning follows the string pattern as G, C, E, and A where G is the top string that is closest to you and A is the bottom string that is closest to the floor. So as simple as it sounds, if you strum the G string it will play the G note and the same goes for the other strings on the fretboard.
What Are The Ukulele Frets
Now that we know the name of the strings on a ukulele let’s try to understand what the frets of the musical instrument are. This is one of the basic parts of a ukulele that you should be acquainted with before you play even the easiest notes. Frets are markers placed on the neck of the ukulele that helps to locate the notes of the instrument. For example, if a particular note requires your finger to be placed on a specific fret, you’re supposed to place your finger as close as possible to produce the true sound.
How Does The Chromatic Scale Work
The chromatic scale has 12 standard notes that have 7 pure notes as follows: A-B-C-D-E-F-G. In between each of these notes, there are sharps and flats which make up for 5 more additional standard notes thereby, making a total of 12 standard notes. In the case of a ukulele, each fret is half a note which is denoted by sharps (#) which is half a step-up, or flats (b) which is half a step-down.
Therefore, the 12 standard notes on the ukulele should look like this:
A – A#/Bb – B – C – C#/Db – D – D#/Eb – E – F – F#/Gb – G – G#/Ab
Also Read: Holding A Ukulele Properly
The Basic Notes On The Four Strings
As we know the ukulele has four strings named G, C, E, and A (from top to bottom). There are specific notes for each of the strings that have been demonstrated below for you to follow.
The G String
G – G#/Ab – A – A#/Bb – B – C – C#/Db – D – D#/Eb – E – F – F#/Gb
The C String
C – C#/Db – D – D#/Eb – E – F – F#/Gb – G – G#/Ab – A – A#/Bb – B
The E String
E – F – F#/Gb – G – G#/Ab – A – A#/Bb – B – C – C#/Db – D – D#/Eb
The A String
Bb – B – C – C#/Db – D – D#/Eb – E – F – F#/Gb – G – G#/Ab – A
What Are The Easiest Ukulele Chords
Now, we’ll walk you through the easiest chords based on the four strings on the ukulele.
To play the G chord, you’ll need to use three fingers where your index finger should be placed on the C string (on the 2nd fret), the middle finger should be placed on the A string (on the 2nd fret), and the ring finger should hit the E string (on the 3rd fret). Since this requires you to keep all the three fingers cramped it might be hard at first but with consistent practice, your muscles in those fingers should relax and you should be able to play the G chord easily.
The C chord constitutes the C major, C minor, and C7. To achieve the C major, you need to hit the A string (on the 3rd fret) with your ringer finger. Play the C minor by staying on the 3rd fret and place 3 fingers on strings C, E, and A. Finally, you can play the C7 by hitting the A string (on the 1st fret) with your index finger. The C7 is a bit tougher to achieve than the other two but nothing is impossible with a little more effort.
The A chord constitutes the A major, A minor, and A7. To play the A major chord, hit the C string (on the 1st fret) with your index finger and place your middle finger on the G string (on the 2nd fret). To achieve A minor, just remove your index finger from the fretboard. A7 is quite easily achievable as well. To play A7 hit the C string (on the 1st fret) with your index finger.
E chord is the hardest to play out of the four basic chords. However, this is super important and it will come easy when you practice enough. To play an E chord, you should place your index finger on the G string (on the 1st fret) and hit the A string (on the 2nd fret) with your middle finger. Now, the hard part: your ring finger needs to cross over the strings to hit the C string (on the 4th fret). Although there are other ways to play the E chord, this is the easiest route.
Also Read: How To Pick On Ukulele
Now that you’re aware of how to tune the ukulele and what the common notes and chords are, you should try to get them right on the musical instrument itself. It’s not going to come easy at first because you need to get comfortable with the fretboard which is why you should focus on an individual note at a time before you move on to the next. We’re positive that this article will teach you how to play the ukulele notes correctly.