You’d think reading musical notes would be an easy thing to do. Wrong! Anyone new to the world of music will be clueless. All the lines and dots are practically inscrutable. It’s easy to be scared of things you’re unfamiliar with. That’s why we’re here to sort out your queries. Reading musical notes is an invaluable skill to have. Especially as a beginner artist. This helps you familiarize yourself with your instrument. It’s particularly useful when it comes to ukuleles. You don’t have to be a virtuosic music notes reader to excel. All you need is a little understanding of the notations. We will help you to find out how to read ukulele music notes for beginners.
Why Should You Learn How to Read Ukulele Music Notes
Ukulele notations are comprehensive. Although any trained artists can read this as it follows a standard format. There are so many things to know. You have to familiarize yourself with chords. You’ll know which tempo to follow. There are notations related to tuning too.
It all comes down to practice though. You need to devote time to this. The best way to read music notes is through diligence. This won’t necessarily help you become a better ukulele player. This extra effort will help you tap into resources you wouldn’t have considered otherwise.
So let’s get started.
Notice the framework on which the music notes sit on? That’s the musical staff. They’re made of five horizontal lines. You’ll find the clef at the start of each staff. It could be many things but it’s typically a bass or treble clef. Treble clefs are used for ukulele music. This clef ends in a curl around the G note.
You’ll find the key signature on the clef’s right. This refers to notes that are altered to accommodate the key. There are 12 in total that highlight sharp or flat signs. No key signatures mean it’s a key of C major. Then next to the key signature, we have the time signature. This tells us how the song is counted.
This is written on the staff in alphabetical order starting from A to G. The sequence repeats itself every time you cross G. The duration of the notes is determined by the stem, note head, and flag. Here’s a quick breakdown:
- The whole note (w) is equal to four beats.
- Half note (h) is equal to two beats.
- Quarter note (q) is equal to one beat.
- Eight note (e) is equal to half of a beat,
- The sixteenth note (x) is equal to a quarter of a beat.
Noticed the dots on the staff? Those are the notes. You’ll see that they can be on both the line and space. When the staff doesn’t have enough room, extra lines are added to show the notes. There’s a specific name for it and it’s called ledger lines. You’ll find the following notes on the line: C E F B D F.
You’ll find the following notes in the spaces over the staff: D F A C E G. You’ll find B above the ledger line. When you read music notes, you’ll notice that some of the stems point in different directions. There’s pretty simple reasoning to this. It’s simply meant to fit the staff easily.
All the notes you saw above are non-altered ones. It’s time to take a look at the accidentals. You’ll notice some special signs on the left side of the note. The one that looks like a pound sign is called sharp. The oddly shaped lower case b is called a flat sign.
The other is called natural. This reverts the altered sign. Note alternating signs are annoying. This is where the key signatures come in. As stated before, they go to the beginning of the staff. It refers to the number of accidentals and points out which notes are altered.
Time signature refers to two things. It tells how many beats are there and what counts as one beat. The former is described by the top number while the latter can be found by the bottom one.
Let’s take a closer look. Let the time signature be 2/4. This means there are two-quarter notes to a measure. A common signature is 4/4. It’s denoted by “C.” 2/4 is another. It’s called “¢” and is called cut time.
Measures and Repeats
All pieces of music are divided into measures. Do you know those vertical lines that cut the staff? That’s exactly it. They’re filled with the number of total beats as stated in the time combination.
The repeat sign is easier to spot. It comprises a thicker vertical line, a smaller vertical line, and two dots on the middle line of the staff. They can face on the right or left. You know which section to repeat this way.
The one that faces the right should be ignored. When you come across the left-facing one, you need to go back to the beginning of the piece. Or, you have to repeat the part between the two repeat signs.
Ties and Rests
This is a curved line that brings together two notes. It means the two notes will be of the same pitch. The ties are played for the duration of both the notes. Sometimes, ties are spread throughout multiple measures.
The rest sign means you don’t have to make any sound. If it’s a quarter rest, you’ll have to be silent as long as a quarter note. A whole rest is easy to identify. Just think of it as a hole dug out of the staff line!
Now that you’re familiar with the most common signs, you’re ready to get to work. As long as you master the basics, you can easily pick up the more difficult annotations. This should be enough for how to read ukulele music notes for beginners.
However, understanding them isn’t enough. Get your ukulele and start strumming. You need to dedicate time to this flawlessly. There’s a lot of trial and error involved. Practice makes perfect! So just get started.
You can also read: Best Multi Effect Pedals for Live Performance