To enjoy a song, you don’t need to know the technical terms of music. But, it never hurts knowing about them! Also, if you’re a musician, you need to have the basic knowledge of writing lyrics and the technicalities that come with it like bridge.
Most songs have a verse, chorus, and bridge, all of which are fused into a song structure. Let’s know more about these structures.
- Chorus: The Chorus is the most entertaining part of the song. The song's message is delivered here and it is repeated often.
- Verse: This is where the story of the song is identified, theme is captured and where you set the scene. Verses are normally placed between choruses.
- Bridge: Typically a one-of-a-kind segment in a song, used as a kind of "something unusual happening" to hold the audience's attention. Indeed, it adds significant changes to the harmony, melody, rhythm, effects, or tune of a well versed song.
- Hook: The hook is not a song's section; rather, it's the melody that catches your ear, and makes you say things like " It’s unforgettable”
- Interlude: Bridge, Split, and Interlude are all similar in the sense that they simply break the song structure to keep you engaged.
What is a bridge?
A bridge is a segment of a song that is thought to contrast with the rest of the piece. Bridges are used by songwriters from The Beatles to Coldplay to Iron Maiden to Shift moods and keep fans on their toes.
A bridge comes after the chorus and introduces something new, like a new chord progression, a new key, a faster or slower tempo, or a meter shift. As a song does not finish with its bridge, there remains a possibility of returning to the composition's key themes after the bridge has ended.
Why is bridge used in a song?
In songwriting, a bridge is a section that varies from the rest of the song melodically, rhythmically, and lyrically. A bridge helps to break the repetition in a song and gives new insight, a structural transition between choruses. It can also act as an emotional transition.
“Every Breath You Take” by the Police is an example of a pop song whose bridge adds a different vibe to the song.
For this, two things are to be maintained:
- Variation: Variety is essential. A song that merely switches between chorus and verse sounds monotonous. Adding a bridge maximizes engagement. The best way to do this is to give the bridge a different key, tempo, or meter to make it stand out from the rest of the tune.
- Joining the Tune: Consider the word "bridge" in its most literal sense. A musical bridge can link two parts of a song in the same way that a physical bridge connects two locations. A bridge is often used before or after an instrumental solo in this context.
How to use bridge in a song?
Not every bridge is developed in the same way. Here are a few examples of bridges that use the bridge in a more detailed manner, elevating their respective songs to greater heights.
- The anthem, cigarette-lighter-in-the-air chorus of Skid Row's power ballad "I Remember You" that raises the song's emotional peak is actually a guitar solo that comes 80 percent of the way through. After the song's second chorus, a well-placed bridge creates emotional suspense before releasing into as a guitar solo. This is followed by a cathartic final chorus, which had big-haired glam metal fans singing along with every word. This creates excitement within a listener.
- Make a connection between a chorus and a pre-chorus. The bridge in Alanis Morissette's song "You Oughta Know" links a chorus and a pre-chorus. As it does not stand out from the rest of the song, this section would be considered a subtle bridge. However, it contains melody that is different from the rest of the song.
- Make a multi-layered composition. High-level definition Iron Maiden, a British heavy metal band, adds a bridge to their poppy hit "Can I Play with Madness?" to make it more hard and sophisticated. The bridge, which is sandwiched between two choruses, signals a change in tone, tempo, and rhythmic pattern, as well as a stop-and-start pattern that draws attention.
FORMATION OF A BRIDGE IN A SONG
The first verse establishes the song's theme, with the last line providing a natural transition to the chorus. The song's main message is included in the chorus.
The chorus is preceded by another verse that introduces new information. The bridge follows, which is usually shorter than the actual verse. The bridge must be musically and lyrically distinct from the verse and provide a reason for the chorus to be repeated in a melody.
VARIATIONS IN THE BRIDGE OF THE SONGS
- James Ingram's "Only Once," despite being a very retro song, is a great example of classic verse/chorus/bridge type and pattern.
- Although the verse-chorus-bridge structure gives songwriters more freedom when it comes to experimenting with different styles and tones, it can be difficult if the song is under four minutes long. This is the length of time that music experts consider to be the limit for radio-friendly, television -friendly and commercially successful records. However, there are several exceptions that can be found, (“Stairway to Heaven,” for example), but the majority of pop hits are four minutes or less than four minutes
- A song can be played in different variations. Some lyrics are written with two verses in between the choruses, or the bridge is repeated before the final chorus. Coldplay's "Fix You" is an example of such structure.
How to write a bridge?
There is no set of instructions to follow while writing a bridge but then again a few ways are explained below.
ADD NEW LYRICS TO INSERT A TWIST TO YOUR LYRICAL TOUCH:
The bridge is an excellent place to incorporate a new lyrical concept. It also allows you to increase the emotional resonance of your lyrics. To offer a new viewpoint, overall interpretation, or closure to the song, use bridge lyrics. For instance, tell your story from a different perspective or clarify the point you're trying to make.
Additionally, for your bridge, try singing in a different vocal range. Singing an octave higher or lower than the rest of your song adds an unexpected new dimension to your performance. Since it stands out in the song, the contrast can give your audience something to grasp onto and remember.
SHIFT EMOTIONAL RESPONSES BY CHANGING THE MUSICAL TUNE:
For the bridge, some artists will modulate to a different key. The listener can experience a variety of emotional responses as a result of the key changes. Raising or lowering energy levels, brightening or darkening moods, or instilling a sense of unease are only a few examples. It's a sure-fire way to keep the audience wanting to hear more of the rhythm.
TO INFUSE A PLEASING CONTRAST ADDING A CHANGE IN THE DYNAMIC RANGE:
The variation between the loudest and quietest sections of a song is known as dynamic range. Consider releasing the energy in the bridge if your song is busy and filled with repetitive energy. Before returning to an explosive feel, the listener is given a chance to reset.
ADD A CONTRAST TO THE DRUMMING PATTERN:
To temporarily change your drum rhythm pattern, try using a song bridge. Use it as a transitional section. For e.g., if your song has a four-on-the-floor rhythm, turn to a half-time beat pattern for the bridge. This transition adds contrast, variety, and energy change.
SWITCH TO A MELODY DIFFERENT FROM THE VERSE OR CHORUS:
The song is taken in a different direction for the bridge by creating a melody that is quite new before returning to a repetitive chorus or verse. There’s an added variety to the scene due to this. The new melody may also be used as a musical interlude.
Create a melody that varies from the verse and chorus melodies in form and feel. To elicit an emotional response, it's normal to pitch the melody higher in the bridge.
A bridge is a segment of a song that offers contrast while remaining within the song's meaning. It is also regarded as a transitional passage between parts of a song. Bridges are often used these days because it has become an art of sophistication to the listeners’ ears.
Since a lot of people now actually want to hear the bridge, music creators often want to add the element. Thus by following the ways and getting to know more about the bridge in a song the writers and music directors can add bridge to their songs. So, next time you hear a nice song, think about the melody like an expert!
You can also read: How to Find the Key of a Song